Professor William Dorland (Physics) studies turbulent,
ionized matter, with applications in nuclear fusion, heliospheric
dynamics, and plasma astrophysics. He received his B.S. in Physics
(with Special and Highest Honors) from the University of Texas at
Austin in 1988. The same year, he also won the campus Foosball
tournament and the equivalent of the Spirit of Maryland award. Moving
to Princeton University, he earned a doctorate in Astrophysical
Sciences in 1993 and a master’s degree in Public Administration
from the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs
(focusing on international science policy). As a DOE Fusion
Postdoctoral Fellow at the Institute for Fusion Studies in Austin, he
was part of a team that found critical errors in calculations
underpinning a proposed fusion reactor, helping to prevent a $10
billion international science debacle.
Dr. Dorland and his wife (Professor Sarah Penniston-Dorland, UMD Geology) have a daughter Kendall. In 1998, the family moved to Maryland so Sarah could accept a fellowship at Johns Hopkins University. At that time, Dr. Dorland joined University of Maryland’s Institute for Research in Electronic and Applied Physics (IREAP). He was appointed an assistant professor in the Department of Physics in 2001, promoted to associate professor in 2005 and full professor in 2009. He also holds appointments as Visiting Professor at the University of Oxford and at Imperial College, London. Dorland is a Fellow of the Joint Space-Science Institute, and a member of three campus research units: IREAP, the Applied Mathematics & Statistics, and Scientific Computing program, and the University of Maryland Energy Research Center. He is currently an editor of the Journal of Plasma Physics.
As a director of the Maryland Center of Multiscale Plasma Dynamics, Dorland co-organized meetings at the International Centre for Theoretical Physics in Trieste, the Aspen Center for Physics, and the Institute for Pure and Applied Mathematics at UCLA. In 2009, he co-organized the Prospects in Theoretical Physics summer program at the Institute for Advanced Study in New Jersey. In 2010, he co-directed a month-long physics program at the Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences of Cambridge University.
The Council on International Education Exchange gave Dr. Dorland a special award in 2000 for his unique contributions to study abroad programs worldwide. He earned fellowship in the American Physical Society in 2005, and the Richard A. Ferrell Distinguished Faculty Fellowship from the Department of Physics in 2008. In 2009, he received the Department of Energy’s E.O Lawrence Award for scientific leadership in the development of comprehensive computer simulations of plasma turbulence, and specific predictions, insights, and improved understanding of turbulent transport in magnetically-confined plasma experiments. This distinction carried a gold medal and a $50,000 prize.
In addition to his physics research, Dr. Dorland has a keen interest in teaching. Here at the University of Maryland, he co-developed and taught graduate courses in scientific computing (AMSC663/664). In 2007, he co-developed and taught Physics for Decision Makers: The Global Energy Crisis, a Marquee course to instruct non-science majors in perhaps the world’s most pressing challenge. In spring 2011, he piloted an Honors seminar on nuclear weapons and nuclear weapons policy. That course is now offered as an I-series course.
Citing his own transformative experience as an Honors student at the University of Texas, Dr. Dorland in 2008 turned his energies to directing the University of Maryland Honors College. Offering 400 courses per year from 200 faculty exclusively to 4,200 of Maryland’s most academically talented undergraduates, the Honors College is home to Maryland’s seven highly acclaimed Honors living and learning programs. Since taking the Honors College helm, Dr. Dorland has published more than thirty-five physics papers in refereed journals.
With the Chordoma Foundation, Dr. Dorland initiated and co-sponsored the first
conference for chordoma patients and continues to support the foundation’s
battle against this malignant but extremely rare cancer of the skull and spine.